According to the Ministry of Environment and Energy, Costa Rica has increased, in the last two years, the protection of its ecosystems by a total of 16,118,476 hectares.
The extension of protected areas is part of the various actions undertaken by the country in the fight against climate change, including the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People – led by Costa Rica, France and the United Kingdom – whose the goal is to conserve 30% of terrestrial and marine space by 2030.
Costa Rica has extended its protection in several conservation areas and also created new ones.
President Alvarado and the Minister of Environment and Energy, Andrea Meza, signed Decree No. 43368-MINAE “Extension of the National Park of Cocos Island” which extends the protection of its seas – which constitute 92 % of Costa Rican territory – from 2.7% to approximately 30%.
Chirripo National Park has also been extended to 50,625.23 hectares (506.25 km²). The initiative was signed in March 2022 by President Carlos Alvarado, under Executive Decree No. 43437-MINAE, which extends this protected wildlife area, in the Talamanca mountain range and aims to safeguard the ecosystems adjacent to the protected wildlife area, which are very vulnerable. natural or anthropogenic changes.
In addition, the Bicentennial Biological Reserve of the Republic – Pájaro Campana was created. It is a new protected area, located in the canton of Coto Brus in Puntarenas and which has 5,075 hectares (50.75 km²).
“These initiatives remind us of the importance of conserving vital sites like these, due to the rich biodiversity and vulnerability of these ecosystems, as well as the ecosystem services they provide to surrounding communities and society. in general”, explained the Minister of the Environment. and Energy, Rolando Castro.
Costa Rica seeks to become a modern, green and emission-free economy, as well as to consolidate itself as a country that protects its wildlife and natural resources. The country is home to ecosystems and biodiversity of great scientific and conservation interest, which allow research and promote tourism.
“To reduce the accelerating loss of biodiversity we are experiencing, we need to protect our terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Part of our global commitment is to help halt the accelerating loss of species and protect the vital ecosystems that are the source of our food and economic security,” said President Carlos Alvarado.
According to Gina Cuza, the country’s actions to protect ecosystems “constitute a historic milestone for the country and the world, leaving a legacy for future generations; but it also implies a great responsibility for the country to provide the necessary resources and effective management of this huge marine protected area.